Advaita

Advaita literally means “not two,” and is a monistic or non-dualistic system which essentially refers to the identity between the Selfatman and the Supreme Absolute (Brahman). This doctrine says that nothing exists apart from the Spirit, but everything is a form assumed by the Spirit. The principal doctrinal division among the Hindus is between the schools of Advaita and Dvaita. The Dvaitists or Dualists worship a Personal God separate from the worshipper. The Advaitists, while recognizing the truth of this conception on its own plane, go beyond it to the conception of identity between the Self and Brahman (Absolute); the human being discovers that his origin is one and the same with the origin of the entire universe, which is pure Existence, pure Consciousness, and pure Bliss. In traditional Advaita teachings, spiritual realization was sought not through Yogic sadhanas as much as it was through the systematic practice of discriminating the Real, the Truth, the One from the unreal, illusory “that which IT is not.” The one and only goal of the Advaita teachings is the pursuit of unity and singularity. Mahanirvana Tantra states in chapter XIV, sloka 116: “Final liberation is attained by the knowledge that the atma is the witness, is the truth, is omnipresent, is one, free from all deluding distractions of self and not-self, the Supreme, and though abiding in the body is not in the body.”